Monday, May 25, 2020

Counselling in Nigeria - 6031 Words

COUNSELLING IN NIGERIA: AN OVERVIEW BY C.N. UGWUEGBULAM, Ph.D., JP. ALVAN IKOKU COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, OWERRI – IMO STATE, NIGERIA AND CUUU KADURUMBA (Ph.D.) COLLEGE OF FOOD PROCESSING AND STORAGE TECHNOLOGY, MICHAEL OKPARA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE, UMUDIKE, ABIA STATE, NIGERIA HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING IN NIGERIA Man from pre-historic times have been having challenges and solving them. Nigerians in the traditional set-up before the advent of formalized guidance and counselling had problems and they were solving them through what Iwuama (1991, 2003) called traditional guidance. This is any type of assistance given to somebody in need. Their needs were personal, social, vocational or traditional education. The†¦show more content†¦More counsellors from Harvard/USAID were later sent to assist Mr. Ree. In 1966, Njoku (2005) reported that Mr. P. O. Ree organized a workshop on guidance and counselling in which he presented a position paper on the role of a counsellor in a comprehensive school. Another recommendation that impacts in the development of guidance and counselling was the team’s other recommendation that organized and proper guidance and counselling is of fundamental importance. This led to the training of many Nigerian teachers in vocational guidance. Earlier in 1964, t he Federal Ministry of Education organized the first government organised seminar on guidance and counselling and testing. This workshop was organised with a view to capacity build the career masters at that time. The Roman Catholic Mission established and managed a child guidance clinic. The Vocational Guidance Bureau was also opened in Lagos to organize workshops on guidance and counselling for teachers. Similarly, Njoku (2005) asserted that the development of organized guidance and counselling in Nigeria was to no lesser extent assisted by the establishment of the Test Development and Research Office (TEDRO) in 1963 by the Federal Ministry of Education. The office was charge with the responsibility of constructing and analysing psychometric instruments for general use as well as for counselling in school. In view of the above developments the 1977 National policy on Education for Nigeria made provisionShow MoreRelatedAvailability Of Counselling Services In Nigeria Case Study1267 Words   |  6 PagesAvailability of Counselling Services Counselling services in schools have been found to be lacking (Adejimola Tayo-Olajubu, 2009). This subsequently affects students’ access to information and counselling as to what to do when they have been sexually harassed. Okeke and Okorie (2006) reported from a study in South-East Nigeria that there was a lack of counselling centres in schools. This, they noted, had affected the decision-making of students and resulted in maladjusted behaviours. One-on-oneRead MoreSublimation Mechanism of Psychoanalytical Counselling Theory as a Tool for Addressing Juvenile Delinquency in Secondary Schools in Nigeria4142 Words   |  17 PagesSUBLIMATION MECHANISM OF PSYCHOANALYTICAL COUNSELLING THEORY AS A TOOL FOR ADDRESSING JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA A PAPER PRESENTED BY PROF. FATI SHUAIBU AND NTAMU BLESSING AGBO ON THE FIRST NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY KEFFI HELD IN 1000 AUDITORIUM SEAT 12TH - 14TH JUNE, 2012. ABSTRACT The present methods being utilized by teachers, counselors and administrators in dealing with cases of indiscipline and juvenile delinquencyRead MoreAids : Hiv And Aids1144 Words   |  5 PagesHIV/AIDS IN NIGERIA Introduction The first case of HIV was reported in 1981 and since then, it has spread rapidly turning into a pandemic (WHO 2014). Thirty-five million people currently live with HIV worldwide and 2.1 million deaths were recorded in 2013 (WHO 2014). HIV in the WHO African region is the highest in the world as the continent bears 70% of the disease burden (WHO AFRO 2013). In 2013, 24 million people in Africa were reported to be living with HIV. One of the high burden countries inRead MoreThe United Nation s Millennium Development Goals1021 Words   |  5 Pagescountries. There are many countries that have made significant progress in the combat of disease; Nigeria is no exception. This is due to Nigeria exponentially increasing there treatment and counseling facilities for HIV/AIDS, along with the distribution of millions of insecticide-treated products to combat malaria. However, this doesn’t mean that their fight is over; and there are many ways that Nigeria can improve today. This case study evaluates Nigeria’s progress in regards to the sixth MillenniumRead MoreTheories of Personality Development3138 Words   |  13 PagesAbdulrazaq Olayinka Qualifications: B.A.Ed (Islamic Studies Education: Usmanu Dan Fodiyo University Sokoto); M.Ed; PhD (Guidance and Counselling: University of Ilorin); Cert. (Data Processing: University of Ilorin). E-mail address: oniyerasaq@unilorin.edu.ng Office Location: Room 15, Department of Counsellor Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Nigeria Consultation Hours: Wednesdays and Fridays 12-3pm (Wed), 3-5pm(Fri) Course Content: The study of theories of personality developmentRead MoreCurbing Examination Malpractices in Nigerian Educational Assessment: Guidance and Counselling Intervention2969 Words   |  12 PagesCURBING EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES IN NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT: GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING INTERVENTION By Mudathir Ade Ademoroti Mcasson Ulul-Albab Science Secondary School, Katsina, Katsina State And Abdulrasheed S. Imam (Ccn, mcasson) Ulul-Albab Science Secondary School, Katsina, Katsina state. . ABSTRACT The paper examines the role or intervention of guidance and counseling in curbing examination malpractice in Nigerian educational assessment among all the stake holders in education industryRead MoreStudent Unrest in Nigerian Universities4126 Words   |  17 Pages17-22 (2005) Student Unrest in Nigerian Universities: Looking Back and Forward Oyaziwo Aluede, Basil Jimoh, Beatrice O. Agwinede and Eunice O. Omoregie Department of Educational Foundations, Ambrose Alli University, P.M.B. 14, Ekpoma 310001, Ekpoma, Nigeria E-mail: oyaziwoaluede@yahoo.com KEYWORDS Student unrest; student services; student personnel administration; universities ABSTRACT The authors examined the policies and factors that have in the past and at the present precipitated student unrest inRead MoreA Brief Note On Internal Medicine And Nursing Essay970 Words   |  4 Pagesfrom medical school among the top 2% in my class and without ever repeating any tests or professional exams. Following graduation, I practiced as a general practitioner in Nigeria. I enjoyed being a generalist. It gave me tremendous joy providing quality acute care and preventive care to my patients. My experience in Nigeria inspired me to seek further training in the specialty. This quest brought me to the United States where I pursued master s degrees in public health and business administrationRead Morecorporate communication strategy of an organisation( Dangote group))1733 Words   |  7 Pagescommunication strategy to be achieved, it must start with the organisation. Dangote group of companies Nigeria, has a strong strategic management value aimed at seeking and developing new businesses, inventing new techniques to retain their market leadership. The group generated employment and goods for the public’s through constructing and operating large scale manufacturing facilities in Nigeria and across Africa. The corporation gives high returns to their stake holders. The group has seen an explosionRead MoreGuidance and Counseling1885 Words   |  8 Pagesthe quality of guidance and counselling services in secondary schools with practicing school counsellors in Edo state. To achieve this, the researcher examined the qualification of personnel providing guidance and counselling services, availability of materials for the successful execution of Nigerian secondary school guidance and counselling services and the impact of guidance programs on students’ adjustment. 1.3. Significance of the study Guidance and counselling is the bedrock for achieving

Thursday, May 14, 2020

True Grit Possessed by People of All Ages - 863 Words

Who knew that someone at just 12 years of age would be the definition of true grit. Grit is knowing who you are and where you are headed, moving determinedly forward with eyes fixed on the mark, rather than the obstacles that lie in wait.-Christine Bisch. Regino V. Soto, lost his mother and father at this young age, he then took off into the wilderness on his own, lost and confused. Eventually he made up his mind to forge ahead.He didnt have enough money for many things in life, as he was working for pennies, prior. It took a toll on him a few years later when he started his family and he couldnt afford simple things like medicine to save his baby daughters life. My grandfather was a man who was determined to have a better life and didnt let up regardless of how tough things got. This isnt what Tom Chaney displays, in the novel, True Grit, by Charles Portis. Rooster Cogburn and also Mattie Ross, had what my grandfather had, grit. Mattie Rosss innocent father was killed just aft er the Civil War in Arkansas and this 14 year old girl wants to see the culprit, Tom Chaney face consequences. Rooster Cogburn didnt let the obstacles get in his way of capturing the coward,Tom Chaney. Tom Chaney has a deficiency in grit. This was a man who killed the Texas state senator, using a different name then killed an innocent man, neither deserved to die. Mattie Ross says Papa felt bad for the man and gave him a job and a place to live, in return he killed Frank Ross. (43).Show MoreRelatedComparing Positive Psychology And Choice Theory Essay1584 Words   |  7 Pagesreviewed. One about Choice Theory and the other about Positive Psychology. This will help get a better understanding about the background of these two theories. Choice Theory was developed by Dr. William Glasser. It is the theory that states, â€Å"We choose all of our actions and thoughts, based on the information we receive in our lives.† (Bradley, 2014) This means we are in charge of how we feel, no one can make us feel or act in a certain way. Reality Therapy goes hand in hand with this theory. RealityRead MoreThe Legacy Of John Smith1043 Words   |  5 PagesSmith is mentioned, people of all ages are familiar with it and could tell a lot about him. Why is this? How is it that a man who lived over 400 years ago still so popular today, more specifically to our children? The answer to that question is because John Smith can be viewed as one of America’s earliest heroes. His leadership was vital to the survival of the Jamestown colony. Most people are familiar with his famous quote, â€Å"he that will not work shall not eat.† He carried all the qualities of anRead MoreComparing The Samurai And Samurai1212 Words   |  5 Pagesexistence on Earth. In another instance you sit in the forest all quiet and dim, the last thing you remember is a sharp poisonous dart hitting the side of your neck. All conscious fades as the dart from the ninja puts you to sleep for an ete rnity. Think of a fast agile man circling a group of nearby bandits. The Samurai with his quickness pierces all three bandits with his katana and slices their heads of clean with one swipe. His warcry possessed everyone that heard it as the samurai swung his sword swiftlyRead More Killer Angels Essay2541 Words   |  11 PagesThe historical account of the Battle of Gettysburg gives the reader a chance to experience the battle personally and not the history book manner taught in schools. A historical novel gives the facts straightforward and provides no commentary by the people involved in history. The historical account of the Battle of Gettysburg, as seen in Killer Angels, provides the facts of the battle as seen through the eyes of Generals Robert E. Lee, Joshua Chamberlain, James Longstreet, and John Buford. The feelingsRead MoreFrom Man Of Sin Of Satan Essay2321 Words   |  10 PagesFrom Man of Sin to Man of Satan It is amazing how much God has revealed to us in His word, the Bible. It’s all there, right in front of us, if we’d only look. Ezekiel 28 is one of the most remarkable of ALL the passages on the Antichrist. From a personal â€Å"inside† perspective, it rivals 2 Thessalonians 2 and Revelation. It reveals for us a person who will stop at nothing to gain wealth, and a person who is wise in his own eyes. I list the chapter in its entirety— 1The word of the LORD came againRead MoreEisenhower s Impact On The Cold War Essay2759 Words   |  12 Pagesoffice. Yet, what is most interesting about Eisenhower is his profound effect on the Cold War. While all of these contributions were of great importance to the country, none held the gravitas and immediately devastating potential that Eisenhower’s dealings with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) during the Cold War did. When fully investigated, it can even be surmised that nearly all of Dwight Eisenhower’s contributions to the country during his Presidency were completed in an effortRead More What Has Changed about Epilepsy Essays3771 Words   |  16 Pageshistory of 2 grand mal seizures. As a 10-year-old girl, I remember feeling confused and greatly changed by these words that I had yet to understand the meaning of. As I grew to learn more about my condition, I realized that there are people around the globe, ranging in age, race, social and eco nomic background that have experienced this same confusion. Collectively, we have gathered an incomplete, but valuable and working concept of epilepsy. Although it is one of the earliest recorded diseases, it attractsRead MoreThe House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay6806 Words   |  28 Pagesshe understood him. A frequent visitor was Judge Jaffrey Pyncheon. He resembled his ancestor, the colonel physically and in his greed and pretentiousness as well. Yet, he pretends to be good-natured and amiable. He insists that Clifford possessed the knowledge about a hidden Pyncheon fortune. However, the truth of the matter is that Clifford has long since forgotten the secret. One day , Judge Jaffrey comes again, looking for Clifford. He manages to force Hepzibah to let himRead MoreEmperor of all maladies Essay8098 Words   |  33 Pages Praise for The Emperor of All Maladies â€Å"A compulsively readable, surprisingly uplifting, and vivid tale. thrilling .† —o, t he oprah maga z in e â€Å"[An] essential piece of medical journalism.† —T im e â€Å"A meticulously researched, panoramic history . . . What makes Mukherjee’s narrative so remarkable is that he imbues decades of painstaking laboratory investigation with the suspense of a mystery novel and urgency of a thriller.† —The Boston Globe â€Å"riveting and powerful .† —San FrRead MoreThe Ballad of the Sad Cafe46714 Words   |  187 Pagestwo colored windows, and a miserable main street only a hundred yards long. On Saturdays the tenants from the near-by farms come in for a day of talk and trade. Otherwise the town is lonesome, sad, and like a place that is far off and estranged from all other places in the world. The nearest train stop is Society City, and the Greyhound and White Bus Lines use the Forks Falls Road which is three miles away. The winters here are short and raw, the summers white with glare and fiery hot. If you walk

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Intuition Vs. Rational Intuition - 1344 Words

Intuition - the ability to understand what is happening instantly and outside conscious control, without the need for conscious reasoning and argument. Mystical intuition understood as the knowledge gained from the higher powers, rational intuition based on experience and is opposed to reasoning deployed discursive thought. Making a decision, more men are turning to the head, and intuitive solution for them where everything is clear at once, without much consideration. Women are more likely to live feelings and body, and intuitive solution for them is that they themselves feel comfortable, after the adoption of which they become internally calm and comfortable. When your intuition refers to the wise, experienced man - listen to him. Intuition How to Fold, unconscious reasoning, intuition as an indicator of experience and professionalism - a matter of respect. At the very beginning of the new situation thinking occurs in the expanded and conscious, in the form of reasoning. Mastering the situation, repeating over and over again, the arguments are more concise and less conscious. If this internal argument quite succinctly, already unconscious and runs without tension, easy, amid the usual relaxation, says people often do not hesitate to sometimes cause a loss for intermediates reasoning and referring simply on intuition. That is - to have unconsciously internalized experience. An experienced eye always sees more than the eye newcomer. Anyone who is engaged in somethingShow MoreRelatedDecision Making : Design Tools For Your Aunties Essay2368 Words   |  10 Pagestime, rational decision making was the main approach in the business world. But now people are looking into intuition and how they can use it to make decisions on management level. By examining the use of intuition in the business world, this paper uncovers it’s the benefits and the pitfalls. It describes how people can train their intuition and how to apply it. Afterwards, there’s a discussion on how people can use this information in their personal life. In the end, we conclude that intuition isRead MoreClassical Vs. Constitutional Typology1223 Words   |  5 Pagesare: Jungian type, which Carl Jung worked with Freud, although they later disagreed with each other and Jung conception of personality is that people are either extravert or introvert. Then, there are sensing or intuition, concerns realistic representations of the world, while intuition is an unconscious process focused on the basic essence of reality. Next, there is thinking or feeling, the thinking function tends to be more intellectual and bases perceptions on objective facts and logic, whileRead MoreRecruitment Selection: Myers Briggs1568 Words   |  7 Pageswill behave in al l situations (Myers-Briggs, 2013). The four dimensions are: Extroversion (E) vs Introversion (I). This dimension reflects the perceptual orientation of the individual. Extroverts are said to react to immediate and objective conditions in the environment. Introverts, however, look inward to their internal and subjective reactions to their environment. Sensing (S) vs Intuition (N). People with a sensing preference rely on that which can be perceived and are oriented towardRead More Descartes Vs. Pascal Essay1172 Words   |  5 Pages Descartes vs. Pascal nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;For centuries, human beings have been debating over the validity of the use of reason. This is a very, very difficult subject to discuss, as one is forced to study something which is at that moment being used in their study. Two classic thinkers who contrasted on their view of reason were Descartes and Pascal. Though both saw reason as the primary source of knowledge, they disagreed over the competence of human reason. Descartes, the skeptic,Read MoreDescartes vs. Pascal1177 Words   |  5 PagesDescartes vs. Pascal For centuries, human beings have been debating over the validity of the use of reason. This is a very, very difficult subject to discuss, as one is forced to study something which is at that moment being used in their study. Two classic thinkers who contrasted on their view of reason were Descartes and Pascal. Though both saw reason as the primary source of knowledge, they disagreed over the competence of human reason. Descartes, the skeptic, said that we could use reasonRead MoreHume vs Kant Causality1784 Words   |  8 PagesHume vs. Kant: Causality Humes ultimate goal in his philosophic endeavors was to undermine abstruse Philosophy. By focusing on the aspect of reason, Hume shows there are limitations to philosophy. Since he did not know the limits, he proposed to use reason to the best of his ability, but when he came to a boundary, that was the limit. He conjectured that we must study reason to find out what is beyond the capability of reason. Hume began his first examination if the mind byRead MoreMyers Briggs Type Indicator Is A Personality Inventory1352 Words   |  6 Pages She wanted to find an instrument that could make it easier to select appropriate people for their respected jobs. Katherine Briggs’ daughter, Isabel Briggs-Myers, eventually joined her mother in her research (Goby Lewis, 2000). Extraversion vs. Introversion The first preference in the inventory is called ‘Favorite World,’ this means where a person focuses their attention (â€Å"MBTI Basics† n.d.). The two options are E or I, Extraversion or Introversion. Focusing attention on people and thingsRead MoreHamlet And Sanity Essay1806 Words   |  8 Pageshis intuition and intellect, maintaining his vengeance, as well as the comparison to Ophelia who is truly mad. In the first act of the play when Hamlet and his close friend Horatio are conversing with one another the prince states how he plans to â€Å"feign madness† and that is a direct example how even after the tragic and untimely event of the king passing he still maintains his intuition. The complexity of Hamlets personality has little to do with his status but more to do with his intuition andRead MorePhilosopher - Immanuel Kant2220 Words   |  9 Pagesprinciple of perfect duty, in other words, treat people with respect or due as to others as you do unto yourself. People deserve respect; we are all human beings on this earth and deserve to be treated kindly. We are each free and able to make rational decisions as responsible human beings and are fully capable of acting morally. An example of this principle would be if you were shopping in the mall and you need to check out your purchases, you simply would go up to the retail clerk and she checksRead MoreAnalysis of Stephen Schneiders Argument on the Subjective Prior1859 Words   |  7 Pagesevident or true. By intimating that proof can be obtained from subjective experience, i.e., what you can see ¦is true just lying on your couch (Muljadi, ed. 66), Schneider reaches back to an older form of argumentation, one which depends upon intuition and common sense. He does not reject modern sciences insistence upon empirical data, but he does allows that such data is still being accumulated and that, in the meantime, it is reasonable to state that the information gathered so far shows that

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Online Dating versus Conventional Dating Essay Example For Students

Online Dating versus Conventional Dating Essay Online dating maybe the latest fad that hit the world, but conventional dating will always come out to be the best in show, Online dating has several different challenges when looking for a potential partner, for example: how does he look like, does he really look like what he says he does and the major one will he/she like how I look. While conventional dating usually requires you to have met/stalked the male or female in question, and generally unless it’s a blind date conventional dating usually involves some type of spark between the two people.Conventional dating involves many different ways to find a â€Å"match† than online dating. When dating online finding a suitable partner usually involves click checkboxes next to the attributes that match up to you as a person, and a computer program will scan through the list of users trying to find someone who checked the same attributes that you selected on your profile. Conventional dating usually involves you having met the person and having the same ideas/activities and having a good but general picture of who the person is leaving no surprises, unlike online dating that might have you thinking that your hooking up with a supermodel but you ending up with a Martha Stewart look-alike. Another area that puts conventional dating at the top is that sometimes opposites really do attract. In conventional dating you may not have the same attitudes about common stuff like religion, books, technology or wanting to be a secret nudist, as long as you have the same personality you will generally have a successful match (â€Å"howstuffworks.com †). Online dating falls into a pit because the computer algorithm will generally match people with the same qualities together with little deviation. Which gen. . edule a date and meet up, if the person who shows up is different from the picture you might give it a chance but as soon as they start talking about themselves you might notice how different they are from there profile and chances are you will decide to leave in the middle of the date and go through the list and find another person who you think will be a better â€Å"match†. Conventional dating generally has you already knowing and chasing after the person, and you will generally discover a little white lie here, and there, but you will already have an idea of who they are so there’s not going to be anything to shocking that you will not have already known, unlike online data where they might be totally different than their profile. To wrap this up, conventional dating has been around since the cavemen era and chances are it will beat this temporary online dating fad.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

20 Topics for Economics Dissertations Relevant in 2018

20 Topics for Economics Dissertations Relevant in 2018 The economics is the science of finances and growth of the world’s prosperity. The main goal of economics dissertations is to notice the consequences and the tendencies of various economics events that are constantly taking place. There are both micro and macroeconomic events, and all of them have various impact on the growth of prosperity of all countries. The students who are supposed to write a dissertation in economics have got a vast field of opportunities to explore, and there are thesis topics for economics which are worthy of investigation. Some students prefer to explore the existing tendencies in the world, while others are interested in a practical part and the development of new business technologies, plans, and models. Here you will find the list of economics dissertation topics that are applicable for 2018. Make sure to support them with strong facts though. 20 Topics for Effective Economics Dissertations Is the Worldwide Internet Affecting the Local Proximity and Contributing the Growth of Economic Level The Creation of Effective Business Incubators to Increase the Productivity of IT Sphere in Third-World Countries The Reasons for Regional Divergence in the Selected Countries and the Comparison between Poor and Well-Developed Regions The Calculation of Brexit with Potential Losses for European Union within Ten-Year Period The Perspectives of Installation Large Business Conglomerates in Small Countries to Generate Extra Work Places The Utilization of Farming Economics-Implication into Public Institutions Sector as Means of Economic Development in Agrarian Countries Illegal-Mining Installments and Their Harm for the Development of the Selected Country’s Economic Level The National Financial Subsidies for Developing Businesses as Effective Means of Increasing an Overall Financial Rate of the Country The Behavioral Analysis of Buying Capability among the Consumers of the G6 Countries and Countries of the Third World Nonstandard Economical Approaches That Were Brought by Emigrants to the US and Their Contribution to Economic Prosperity Critical Analysis of Enterprise Activity within Rural and Urban Areas of Asian Countries The Direct Correlation between Economic Convergence and the Salary Levels in the United States Basic Pricing Models from the Point of View of the Investors and How They Impact the Economic Growth of the Country The Analysis of Current Family Businesses State and the Impact of Large Holdings on the Small Business Sector The Modern Job Market Analysis within the Period of 20 Years – the Most Applicable Professions of Nowadays The Unemployment Level in the United States and the Means of Effective Regulation Correlation between the Economic Systems of the World and Their Impact on Each Other   The Dependence of Industrial Region of the Selected Country on the Amount of Average Regional Salary The Evolution of the World’s Consumption Policy – the Changes That Took Place During the Last Decade The Shocking Therapy – the Potential Application for the Development of the Economics in the Countries of the Third World Sample Essay: The Impact of Samurai Style Corporate Model on Japanese Economics The usage of national traditions and peculiarities of working power may serve as one of the characteristic features of the Japanese model of economic development. For a long time, in Japan, a long-life recruitment was propagandized. Huge corporations, which are able to build a career-oriented pyramid and guarantee the employment, have more possibilities to fulfill this principle, unlike small and medium companies. It’s evident that neither companies nor the legislation have the distinct rules requiring the demand for all lifelong. However, both employees and administration consider continuing work as a part of the collective employment agreement. The government in an effort to support the employment with the help of a subsidiary system also means the principle of working for many years at one company. So comparing to other countries, the problem is in the longer recruitment. In 1981, the part of retired workers was 16%. It means that for 3 years half of all the workers were retired. Mainly, these were young people. Unchanging workers compile 20-30% of workers. Employment period influences the level of the salary. It grows the fastest in average age. Various additional payments are added to the base rate. Working relations are built on the philosophy â€Å"the company is our home†. The usage of men power is mainly based on the concept of â€Å"human potential†. On the cusp of the 60s and 70s, many Japanese companies made a conclusion that the worker receives more pleasure from the working process when it is characterized by the diversity. Then they refused using conveyor lines at assembly operations to the benefit of rotatory tables where one person collected the whole bloc. This way, the worker may determine the specifics, schedule, elements of quality control, expenses, safety, etc. As a result of the enforcement of technological operations, the flaw lowered from 6% to 0.3%, workforce productivity raised by 20%, and prime cost lowered by 30%. The core of organization and governing are small self-governing groups. They embrace the entire company in the vertical and horizontal direction. Each group is placed into such conditions that constantly stimulate reaching to perfection and searching for the most effective means of the equipment utilization. The working group participates in making decisions regarding the further development and issues which can affect the group. The position of a female labor force is on a totally different level. Most of the companies accept female workers only as hour or daily workers. They are the first candidates for firing if it is necessary for the company. The Japanese mentality considers women the housewives, and when they are fired, it doesn’t influence the level of unemployment, so the official national level of employed population is constantly at the highest level in the world. Moreover, the salary level of females is twice as lower than that of males for the same type of a job. A long-term working day is a characteristic trait of Japan. The men in Japan work 10 hours more per week than average men in Europe and the USA. People show such desire to work due to special bonus systems and overtime that are serving as a serious extra salary. It increases the overall productivity of workers to a greater extent. The best thing about Japanese work system is a low difference level between low and top-rank workers where we can observe 10 times difference, while in the US, this salary difference is over 100 times. To conclude everything, the Japanese labor model seems extremely effective, but it was based on the historical background and can be applied for people with the same mentality, and only then, it will work the way it should. References: Jessica R. Nicholson. Recent Economic Trends in Manufacturing. U.S. Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration Office of the Chief Economist.  esa.doc.gov/sites/default/files/recent-trends-in-manufacturing_0.pdf The Report of United Nations. World Economic Situation and  Prospects 2018.  https://www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/wp-content/uploads/sites/45/publication/WESP2018_Full_Web-1.pdf Ana Rute Cardoso Institute for Economic Analysis (CSIC) and IZA Paulo Guimares University of South Carolina and IZA. Trends in Economic Research: An International Perspective.  http://ftp.iza.org/dp4785.pdf Hiten Amin Reports Tokyo, Japan. Traditional Employment Practices in Japan.  disc.co.jp/en/resource/pdf/TraditionalEmployment.pdf Web Japan. Japan Employment Fact Sheet.  http://web-japan.org/factsheet/en/pdf/e39_employment.pdf

Monday, March 9, 2020

Trading Places - Liquid Science Magic Trick

Trading Places - Liquid Science Magic Trick Here is a quick and interesting science trick for you.  Take two glasses of different-colored liquids and watch the liquids switch places in the glasses. Magic Trick Materials This science magic trick or demonstration can be performed using many different liquids, such as water and wine, water and oil, or water and whiskey. All you need are two liquids that have different densities. If the liquids dont mix (such as water and oil), you will get a clearly-defined separation. Expect some mixing of water with rubbing alcohol or an alcoholic beverage. You can tint a water or alcohol-based liquid with food coloring. two small identical glasses, such as shot glasseswateroil or wine or whiskey or rubbing alcohol a thin waterproof card, such as a drivers license Perform the Liquid Magic Trick Fill one glass completely full with water.Fill the other glass completely full with the other liquid you selected.Place the card over the water glass. While holding the card onto the glass, flip the water glass over and set it and the card on top of the second glass.Line the glasses up so that they are even and move the card so that there is just a tiny bit of open space at the edge of the glasses.Over the next few minutes (about 10 minutes for shot glasses), the liquids will exchange places. The alcohol or oil will rise to the top while the water sinks and fills the bottom glass. How the Liquid Magic Trick Works Well, obviously not by magic! This is simple science. The two liquids have different densities from each other. Basically, the lighter liquid will float while the heavier liquid will sink. You would see the same result if you had removed the card entirely, except this way is prettier and looks more magical.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

The Development of The Dadaism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

The Development of The Dadaism - Essay Example The essay "The Development of The Dadaism" explores the Graphic Design and the Connection to Dadaism. In looking at the development of Dadaism, its origins and theoretical concepts, one can make a close association with contemporary graphic design development. The most difficult thing about discussing Dada is that those who created the work that they proclaimed Dada, all had differing definitions and vague referencing to what would define it. In fact, a lack of definition is at the core of what became the Dada movement. However, as in all things, time has created some context from which the Dada period can be referenced. As well, the core of the philosophies that were developed during the time was a sense that the world was in turmoil and that an anarchists ideal was what was needed to strike a note against the corruptions and political climates that had contributed to World War. In fact, Dadaists created a manifesto to discuss the ‘demands’ of the movement toward promot ing change. Richard Huelsenbeck and Raoul Hausmann created a manifest that outlined the principles and expectations of the Dadaists on society. Within the manifest were such demands as the immediate mechanization of all labor so that mankind could be free to think and create, as well as the immediate seizure of all land so that property was no longer valued and food was dispersed to all people. While based on Marxian theory, some anarchists did not actually join the Communist Party, while others did in protest of the bourgeoisie.